ExcerptOcular anterior segment dysgenesis (ASD) is a complex and poorly understood group of conditions. A large proportion of individuals with ASD develop glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness resulting from retinal ganglion cell death. Optic nerve hypoplasia is thought to have distinct causes and is a leading cause of blind- ness in children. Here, we show that a mutation in the type IV collagen alpha 1 (Col4a1) gene can cause both ASD and optic nerve hypoplasia. COL4A1 is a major component of almost all basement membranes. The mutation results in non-secretion of the mutant COL4A1 proteins, which instead accumulate within cells. Basement membrane abnormalities may, therefore, contribute to the phenotype. The mutation also induces endoplasmic reticulum stress and so intracellular stress may contribute to pathogenesis. The overall consequence of the Col4a1 mutation depends on genetic context. In one genetic context, the mutation causes severe ASD with intraocular pressure abnormalities and optic nerve hypoplasia. In a different genetic context, both the ASD and optic nerve hypoplasia are rescued, and we have identified a single dominant locus that confers the phenotypic modification.
File Download: 2007 Gould
Publish Date: 22 February 2007